My contributions to a Reddit discussion on how a student can build a resume without work experience:
I’ll second what others have said about volunteer/intern/pro bono/community work. “Experience” isn’t just what you’re paid for.
The bachelor’s degree is probably your most valuable asset right now. Some things to consider to get the greatest ROI for your resume:
1) Relevant specialization or minor?
2) Honors or awards, either showing general excellence or, even better, something relating to your target job? Cum laude, academic honors, merit scholarships?
3) Relevant course titles. Your transcript can be a rich source of keywords.
4) Project work. Did you produce an undergraduate thesis/capstone project/senior project? If a team project, what role did you play on the team? Did you have a specialty others relied on? Did you lead or assist others in their roles?
5) Original research/publications. Did you author or curate resources relating to your field?
6) Student leadership. Did you belong to any relevant clubs/organizations? Within those, any committees? Were you elected or appointed to any leadership positions?
7) Teaching others. Were you a TA or peer mentor? With what program or subject? Can you show you made a difference (metrics in student performance or a testimonial quote from those you worked with)?
8) Study abroad experience? Immersion experience in other languages/cultures/subjects?
9) Did you work while a student? Can you show that you maintained strong academic performance while working XX hours/week to finance education? This can prove your work ethic and organization–never bad qualities.
10) Professional associations and activities. Were you a student member of a national or regional association?